Andre Gedalge (1856-1926) was a French composer and teacher who wrote a famous treatise on fugue, titled TraitÃ de la fugue (Treatise on the Fugue). Published in 1901, this book was used as a textbook for the students of counterpoint and fugue at the Paris Conservatory, where Gedalge taught for many years. Some of his pupils included Maurice Ravel, Darius Milhaud, Arthur Honegger, and Georges Enescu.
The treatise consists of three parts: general principles of the fugue, different forms that the fugue can take as a compositional technique, and relations of the fugue with the art of musical development. Gedalge explains the concepts of subject, answer, countersubject, exposition, counter-exposition, divertimento, stretto, pedal, modulation, and musical composition in relation to the fugue. He also provides examples of fugues from various composers, such as Bach, Handel, Mozart, Beethoven, Schumann, Mendelssohn, Franck, and Saint-SaÃns.
Gedalge's treatise is considered a classic work on fugue, as it combines theoretical rigor with practical advice. It is still widely used and studied by musicians and scholars today. It has been translated into several languages, including German (1906), Spanish (2006), and Japanese (2023). It is also available online in PDF format[^1^] [^2^] [^3^].
If you are interested in learning more about the fugue and its history, you can read Gedalge's TraitÃ de la fugue and try to write your own fugues using his guidelines. You will discover the beauty and complexity of this musical form that has fascinated composers for centuries.
Andre Gedalge was born in Paris in 1856, where he first worked as a bookseller and editor with his father. He published books by Marie Laubot and Edmond About for the Librairie Gedalge. He had a late start in his musical career, as he entered the Conservatoire de Paris at the age of 28. He studied composition with Ernest Guiraud, who was also Jules Massenet's teacher. He won the second Prix de Rome in 1885 for his cantata La Vision de Saul.
Gedalge composed various works in different genres, such as symphonies, chamber music, ballets, operas, piano pieces, and songs. He followed the tradition of Saint-SaÃns and Lalo, and remained uninfluenced by the developments of impressionism. Some of his notable works include his Third Symphony in F Major, his Concerto for Piano and Orchestra, his ballet PhoebÃ, and his opÃra-comique Pris au PiÃge. He also wrote a lyrical drama called HÃlÃne, which won the Prix Cressant in 1895.
Gedalge was also a respected teacher and a music theorist. He became a professor of counterpoint and fugue at the Paris Conservatory in 1905, where he taught many famous composers, such as Maurice Ravel, Darius Milhaud, Arthur Honegger, and Georges Enescu. He wrote a treatise on fugue that is still considered one of the best books on the subject. He also wrote two volumes on ear training and a book on the instruction of music by the education of the ear. He was an inspector of provincial conservatories from 1906 until his death in 1926. ec8f644aee